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Black Pepper

Black Pepper

$7.65

Pure, Therapeutic Black Pepper essential oil

Botanical name :    Piper nigrum

Extraction method / Source :  Steam distillation /  Fruits   

Aroma :  Spicy, peppery with herbaceous undertones, warm, musky

Note classification :  Middle        Odor Intensity :  3

Key constituents :  Beta-caryophyllene, d-3-carene, limonene, alpha-pinene      (Current Certificate of Analysis available upon request)

Shelf Life:  3 years or longer, if stored in an airtight container away from heat and light.

Plant description :  Botanical family :  Piperaceae            Black Pepper is a tropical climbing vine native to India.  The plant grows to a height of about 10 feet and has clusters of small white flowers.  As the berries ripen, they turn from green to orange to red.  After the berries are picked they are left in the sun to dry, which turns their color to black.

Regions of Production :   Madagascar

Growing Practices :  Grown without chemical fertilizers or pesticides.

Properties :   Analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacient, stomachic, tonic (Battaglia, 2003), natural insect repellent        Please refer to the Glossary for terms which may be new to you.

Uses / Benefits :   Warming and helpful for relieving pain and increasing circulation, loosens tight muscles, aids digestion in small amounts.  Increases the benefits of other oils that are used together with Black Pepper.  It improves mental clarity and is invigorating and refreshing.  Beneficial in supporting smoking cessation -- see our Certified Organic aromatherapy inhaler options and refills :  Black Pepper, Calming Black Pepper and Energizing Black Pepper.  Black Pepper essential oil is also used in small amounts in natural perfume making.

Modes of Administration :  Topical :  massage, compress, bath, skin care.  To help relieve constipation, use 5 - 6 drops in 1 teaspoon carrier oil and massage the abdomen in a clockwise direction.  Inhalation : direct inhalation or aromatherapy inhaler

Fragrant influences:   Improves mental clarity, invigorating, refreshing

Safety :   Generally recognized as safe (GRAS).  Non-toxic, non-sensitizing.  May irritate sensitive skin.  (Battaglia, 2003,  US Food and Drug Administration)

Blends well with :   Bergamot, Clary Sage, Cedarwood, Clove, Coriander, Fennel, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Lime, Mandarin, Marjoram, Myrrh, Orange, Palmarosa, Rosemary, Sage, Sandalwood, Tea Tree, Ylang Ylang

History / Fun Facts :

References :

Battaglia, SalvatoreThe Complete Guide to Aromatherapy, Second Edition, 2003. The International Centre of Holistic Aromatherapy, Brisbane, Australia

International Fragrance Research Association, http://www.ifraorg.org/en-us/standards (January 5, 2016)

Schnaubelt, KurtAdvanced Aromatherapy: The Science of Essential Oil Therapy, (English translation)1998. Healing Arts Press, Rochester, VT.

Tourles, Stephanie L., Hands On Healing Remedies, 2012. Storey Publishing, North Adams, MA.

United States Food and Drug Administration, HHS, 182.1  Substances That Are Generally Recognized as Safe, 182.20 Essential oils, Oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates), http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/CFR-2012-title21-vol3-sec182 (January 28, 2016)

Williams, David G., The Chemistry of Essential Oils, 1996. Micelle Press, Dorcet, England

Worwood, Valerie AnnThe Complete Book of Essential Oils & Aromatherapy, 1991.  New World Library, Novato, California

Notice : This information is for educational purposes only.  It has not been evaluated by the US Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any condition or disease and should not take the place of evaluation by a qualified health professional. Although we strive to provide information which is accurate and up to date, we cannot guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this information.

Precautions : Pure essential oils are highly concentrated plant extracts. Do not use them undiluted, or in the eyes or mucus membranes. If applying an essential oil to the skin, always dilute it with a proper carrier oil and test on a small patch of skin before applying to a large area. Do not take them internally except under the direction of a qualified professional trained in Aromatherapy. Always familiarize yourself with the safety, contraindications and proper preparation of each essential oil before use. Note that when using essential oils for children and the elderly, very low concentrations should be used. Keep all essential oils away from children and pets.



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